Artois Hound – General Description
The Artois Hound (Chien d’Artois) is a rare breed of dog of the scenthound type, and a descendant of the Bloodhound.
Classification and Standards
- FCI Group 6 Section 1.2 #28
- UKC Scenthound Group
Character & Temperament
The Artois Hound is an energetic dog that is brave and loyal. Though it has a large amount of endurance, it is calm and well balanced. It is a moderate sized dog that will feature the best characteristics of the scenthounds. It has a powerful sense of smell, and it is fast and independent. These dogs were bred to hunt rabbits, and they are proficient at this task. These dogs need to be trained by owners who are consistent. The Artois Hound is affectionate and loving to those that care for them. Like all scent hounds they are happiest when on the trail of a good scent.
The Artois Hound, formerly named Picard, was much appreciated in ancient hunting at the time of Henry IV of France and Louis XIII of France, and much sought after. Selincourt already made much of it, wondering and amazed to see these dogs pulling a hare which had passed by one hour ago in dry weather. Le Couteulx de Canteleu, in Manuel de Vénerie Française (1890), (Manual of French Hunting – 1890), praises also the Artois Hound. He reports that the artesian breed of his time was crossbred and difficult to find pure but, in spite of that, it still remained one of the best breeds for hare hunting. Northern France, bordering the English Channel, consists of the historical regions of Artois Hound. Hounds from this region stem from some of the earliest types.
The Artois Hound was a favorite by the 17th century. The Prince Alexandre de Gray wrote to the Prince de Galle, in 1609, of his intention to “send a pack of little d’Artois dogs to the king …” In fact, this small French hound may have contributed to the formation of the Beagle in England.
By the 19th century it became popular among French hunters to avail themselves of the dogs from the British Isles. With the importation of many British types, the inevitable crossbreeding resulted in the deterioration of the pure Artois Hound. Crossing also took place with the taller, more elegant, longer, scroll-eared hounds called Normands (now extinct). During the 19th century, only the packs kept at Chantilly and those of the Prince de Conde retained the ancient type.
In the 1880s, Ernest Levair and his cousin, M. Therouanne, began a 20-year effort to breed the original Artois Hound, removing the last of the Normand blood. Their efforts resulted in great success. At the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th, M. Levoir in Picardy had attempted the re-establishment of the old Artois type without really succeeding. During that period and until the beginning of the First World War, it was another Picard breeder, Mr. Mallard, who dominated the raising of the breed. But if he produced very pretty dogs, as witnessed by his numerous awards in canine shows, they were not always in the type conformed with the description given by contemporary authors. For all their efforts however the Second World War was very damaging for the Artois Hound and after the Second World War, it was believed that the Artois Hound was all but extinct.
By the middle of the 20th century the Artois Hound had nearly disappeared, however in the 1970s a few aficionados , in particular Mr. Audrechy, (of Buigny les Gamaches in the Somme), decided to reconstitute the breed from a few remaining specimens which they located after along search. Thanks to their efforts the modern day Artois Hound closely resembles the original. There are now about 500 dogs registered in their stud books, making a strong comeback since 1975.
Size & Appearance
The Artois Hound is 22-23 inches (56-58 cm) high at the withers, weighing anything between 55 and 65 pounds (25-30 kg), it is a well constructed dog with a slow graceful gait, muscled and not too long, giving the impression of strength and energy. It has a large, strong head, a medium-length back and a pointed tail that tends to be long and sickle-shaped. Their ears are set at eye level; they have large prominent eyes and quite thick lips.
Its skull should be strong, broad, quite short, rounded and flat at its upper part but with the occipital protuberance only slightly pronounced. Its stop should be accentuated.
Its nose should be black, strong, with wide opened nostrils. Its muzzle should be straight and, seen in profile, moderately elongated. Of its lips, the upper lip should largely be covering the lower lip and must be rather important so as to give a square shape to the extremity of the muzzle, (as seen in profile). Its jaws/teeth should have a scissor bite, the upper incisors covering the lower in a narrow contact and are well set squarely in relation to the jaws. Its eyes, in relation to the width of the forehead, should not be very close together; they should be round, level with the head surface, with a melancholic and soft expression; they are dark brown in color. The mucous membranes of the lower lids must not be visible. Its leathers should be set at eye level, a little thick, broad, round at the tip, almost flat and quite long, reaching the beginning of the nose. Its is moderately long, powerful; very little dewlap.
Its back is broad and well supported. Its loins are slightly arched. The hips give a slight inclination to its croup, which is well muscled. Its chest is broad and long, rather let down so that the sternal line arrives at elbow level. Its ribs should be well sprung. Its belly flanks fully its body.
It is strong and quite long; there should be some longer and coarser, slightly off standing hairs, (like ears of grain) towards the tip. It is carried in a sickle fashion, never falling forward.
A view of the ensemble indicates that its limbs are strong and vertical. Its shoulders are oblique and muscled. Its elbows are set well in the axis of the body. Its forearm should be lightly oblique.
A view of the ensemble indicates that, (seen from behind), the point of the buttock, the middle of the leg, the hock, the metatarsal and the foot are on the same vertical line. Its upper thighs are let down and well muscled. Its hock joints are strong and moderately angulated, and the metatarsals are short and strong.
They are slightly elongated, strong but sufficiently tight; the pads are black, tough and compact.
Coat and color
Its skin is quite thick. Its hair is short, thick and quite flat. The coat pattern is a dark fawn tri-color, (similar to the coat of a hare or a badger), with a mantle or in large patches. The head is usually fawn, sometimes with a black overlay. Its main colors being tan and black and white in any combination.
Health & Maintenance
There are no known health problems that are specific to the Artois Hound. Any health problems it may develop can be found in most other dog breeds. These dogs may have a maximum life expectancy of 13 years.
This is a hunting dog that needs extensive amounts of exercise. Without it, the dog could become problematic for its owners. It should be taken on walks daily, and this dog is great for healthy people who love to jog and hike. While it can live in an apartment, it may perform better in a small yard. It is important for owners to make sure this dog is never unleashed in an unsecured area, as it may run off in the direction of the first interesting scent it picks up. It is important for owners to make sure these dogs are given lots of space to move around in.
The Chien d’Artois does not require a large amount of grooming. The Artois Hound’ smooth short-haired coat is easy to look after. Owners will simply want to make sure the coat is brushed on a consistent basis. These dogs should only be given baths when they need it. A wipe down with a damp towel should suffice for the bathing aspect, (although you should bathe it with mild soap only if or when necessary; you should also dry shampoo it occasionally), however a rubber, wire, or hard bristled brush would work best for the brushing aspect.The shedding patterns of these dogs are not known. Be sure to check the ears carefully for signs of infection. The nails of the Artois Hound should also be trimmed, (particularly to avoid nail-born infections).
Work & Activities
The Artois Hound, (a Briquet, (of a small type)), is nowadays used especially in hunting with guns, and on horseback. It drives the game closer taking advantage of their faults with ingenuity; its speed is average but maintained.
- In general countryside : Because of its acute sense of smell, it is capable of out maneuvering many of its prey’s tactics.
- In woodland areas : With its ancestral qualities of a hunter, in sparse and well scattered groups of tall trees, it can hunt a deer efficiently, and in the desired direction of its owner.
- In the thicket : its intrepidity and bravery means that it can stir up and even the most obstinate boars.
- Additional points: It is a robust animal with a high pitched call which can be heard from as far away as 2 km.
- Arthus-Bertrand, Yann (1993). Dogs. Cassel & Co. p. 384. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0-304-35630-X|0-304-35630-X]]. – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yann_Arthus-Bertrand
- P.Marlow (en.wikipedia.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
- P.Marlow at en.wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
- W. E. Mason – Dogs of all Nations [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Artois Hound (Chien d’Artois)
FCI-Standard N° 28 / 25. 11. 1996 /GB
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : July 24, 1996.
The Artois Hound is a Briquet (small type), nowadays especially used in hunting with the gun. He drives the game closer taking advantage of their faults with cleverness, and his speed is average but maintained.
- In the country : Because of his acute sense of smell, he is capable of out maneuvering the tricks of the hare.
- In the wood : With his incontestable qualities of a hunter, in the sparse and well scattered groups of tall trees, he hunts a deer beautifully in the desired direction.
- In the thicket : his intrepidity and bravery means that he can stir up and even obstinate boar.
- Moreover : He is a hardy animal, endowed with a marvelous tongue in a high pitched voice which can be heard from far away. Six to eight tricolour matching Artois hounds constitute a small pack susceptible of giving pleasure to a most demanding hunt-master.
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION :
- Group 6 Scenthounds, and related breeds.
- Section 1.2 Medium sized scent hounds.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
This breed, formerly named Picard, was much appreciated in ancient hunting at the time of Henri IV and Louis XIII and much sought after. Selincourt already made much of it, wondering and amazed to see these dogs pulling in a hare which had passed by one hour ago in dry weather.
Le Couteulx de Canteleu, in Manuel de Vénerie Française (1890), (Manual of French Hunting (1890)), praises also the Artois Hound. He reports that the artesien breed of his time was crossbred and difficult to find pure but, in spite of that, it still remained one of the best breeds for hare hunting. He has taken care, however, of placing representatives of the breed in the big kennel of the Jardin d’Acclimatation, so that it would be know by the general public. At the end of the XIXth century and at the beginning of our century, M. Levoir in Picardy has attempted the re-establishment of the old Artois type without really succeeding. During that period and until the beginning of the First World War, it was another Picard breeder, M. Mallard, who dominated the raising of the breed. But if he produced very pretty dogs, as witnessed by his numerous awards in canine shows, they were not always in the type conformed with the description given by the old authors. After the second World War, it was believed that the Artois Hound was one of the breeds lost for ever. But at the beginning of the 1970s M. Audrechy, of Buigny les Gamaches in the Somme, has fixed as a task to reconstitute the kennel. It is thanks to his efforts and those of Mme Pilat that this breed regains its place amongst the scenthounds.
GENERAL APPEARANCE :
Well constructed dog, muscled and not too long, giving the impression of strength and energy.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
- Size/Length of body between 10:10 and 10:11
- Depth of chest / Size between 1:2
- Width of skull/Length of head between 5:9
- Length of muzzle/Length of skull between 8:10
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT :
Vigorous and hardy dog, with a very fine nose, assembling well in the pack, balanced and affectionate.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Strong, broad, quite short, rounded and flat at its upper part but with the occipital protuberance only slightly pronounced.
Stop : Accentuated.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black, strong, with well opened nostrils.
Muzzle : Straight and, seen in profile, moderately elongated.
Lips : The upper lip largely covering the lower lip and must be rather important so as to give a square shape to the extremity of the muzzle, seen in profile.
Jaws/Teeth : Scissor bite, the upper incisors covering the lower in a narrow contact and are well set squarely in relation to the jaws.
Eyes : In relation to the width of the forehead, the eyes are not very close together; they are round, level with the head surface, with a melancholic and soft expression; dark brown in colour. The mucous membranes of the lower lids must not be visible.
Leathers : Set at eye level, a little thick, broad, round at the tip, almost flat and quite long, reaching the beginning of the nose.
Moderately long, powerful; very little dewlap.
Back : Broad and well supported.
Loin : Slightly arched.
Croup : The hips give a slight inclination to the croup, which is well muscled.
Chest : Broad and long, rather let down so that the sternal line arrives at elbow level. Ribs well sprung.
Belly : Flanks full.
Strong, quite long; there should be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain) towards the tip; carried sickle fashion, never falling forward.
View of ensemble : The limbs are strong and vertical.
Shoulders : Oblique and muscled.
Elbows : Set well in the axis of the body.
Forearm : Slightly oblique.
View of ensemble : Seen from behind, the point of the buttock, the middle of the leg, the hock, the metatarsal and the foot are on the same vertical line.
Upper thighs : Let down and well muscled.
Hock joints : Strong and moderately angulated.
Metatarsals : short and strong.
Slightly elongated, strong but sufficiently tight; the pads are black, tough and compact.
GAIT/ Movement :
Even and easy.
Short, thick and quite flat.
Dark fawn tricolor, similar to the coat of the hare or the badger, with mantle or large patches, the head usually fawn, sometimes with black overlay.
Height at withers :
Males and females : 53 to 58 cm
With a tolerance of 1 cm.
Weight : On average 28 to 30 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Narrow skull, dome shaped.
- Muzzle too pointed.
- Upper lip insufficiently let down and tight.
- Eye slightly light, conjunctiva visible.
- Ears set below eye level, short, not flat enough.
- Long reach of neck, light.
- Dorsal region too long, topline soft, hollow.
- Ribs flat.
- Whippety flanks.
- Too long, deviated.
- Straight shoulder.
- Out at elbows.
- Straight pastern.
- Flat feet.
- Toes splayed, too long.
- Thighs flat.
- Hocks straight, either cow-hocked or barrel-shaped.
- Timid subject.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Shy or aggressive subject.
- Lack of type (the dog on the whole not sufficiently resembling his fellow creatures of the same breed).
- Anatomical anomaly.
- Determined hereditary disabling defect.
- Under- or overshot mouth.
- Eye very light.
- Weak limbs.
- Other color than that of the standard.
- Distinctly mottled.
- Height at the withers other than that of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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