Drever – General Description
The Drever (Swedish Dachsbracke) is a breed of dog, a short-legged scenthound from Sweden used for hunting deer and other game. The Drever is descended from the Westphalian Dachsbracke, a type of German hound called Bracke. The breed name Drever was chosen through a contest in 1947.
Classification and Standards
- FCI Group 6, Section 1.3, #130
- CKC Group 2
- UKC Scenthound Group
Character & Temperament
According to the breed standard, the Drever should be alert and self-possessed, with an affable, even temperament, and should not be aggressive or shy.
The Drever is a Swedish breed originating with the Westphalian Dachsbracke (a small hound for tracking deer), brought from Germany to Sweden around 1910, and crossbred with other hounds to adjust “to Swedish terrain and game.” By the 1940s there were two distinctive sizes of the Dachsbracke, and a newspaper contest was held in 1947 to choose the new name for the slightly larger variety; Drever was chosen, from the Swedish word drev, referring to a type of hunt where the dogs drive the game towards the hunter. The Drever was then recognized by the Swedish Kennel Club as a separate breed in 1947. The breed is recognized internationally by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, in Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds, Section 1.3, Small-sized Hounds.
The Drever was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club in 1956 in the Hound Group, and in 1996 by the United Kennel Club in its Scenthound Group. The breed is also recognized by a long list of minor registries, rare breed groups, hunting clubs, and internet registry businesses, and is promoted in North America as a rare breed pet. It is not currently recognized by The Kennel Club (UK), the Australian National Kennel Council or the New Zealand Kennel Club, or the American Kennel Club.
Size & Appearance
The Drever’s most noticeable characteristic are its long body and short legs, inherited from the Westphalian Dachsbracke, but as a working dog these features are not exaggerated. It has short fur, and is of any color with white markings (but not all white, which has been linked to deafness.) The breed has the typical drop (hanging) ears of a hound, and a long tail. The maximum height of a Drever is 15 inches (38 cm) at the withers, which is about 6 inches (15 cm) shorter than a long legged hunting hound with the same size body. The Westphalian Dachsbracke is less than an inch (2 cm) shorter than the Drever.
Health & Maintenance
Specific health problems or claims of extraordinary health have not been documented for this breed. According to the breed standard, the Drever should be alert and self-possessed, with an affable, even temperament, and should not be aggressive or shy.
Work & Activities
Most breeds with similar physical traits are bred for a single purpose, but the Drever has been bred to hunt all sizes of game, both hares and roe deer, and is also used to hunt fox and red deer. The Drever has a lot of stamina, and has become a popular hunting hound for deer hunters in northern Norway, Sweden, and Finland (in Finland drevers are not allowed in deer hunting yet, but it is used for hare and fox hunting). Roe deer are nervous quarry, and the hounds which are used to hunt them must move slowly, especially in areas where heavy snow can be expected in late autumn. This is given as the reason for breeding of a dog with a medium-sized body but short legs.
The Drever in Sweden is usually kept as a hunting hound and is not usually found as a pet.
- Drever, Swedish Kennel Club – http://www.skk.se/english/swedbreeds/drever.htm
- Clark, Anne Rogers; Andrew H. Brace (1995). The International Encyclopedia of Dogs. Howell Book House. pp. 209. ISBN 0-87605-624-9. – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Rogers_Clark
- Drever Breed Standard – http://www.fci.be/uploaded_files/130a2006_en.doc
- Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group 6 – http://www.fci.be/nomenclatures_detail.asp?lang=en&file=group6
- Drever, on Canada Dogs – http://www.canadogs.com/BreedDrever.htm
- Drever, United Kennel Club – http://www.ukcdogs.com/WebSite.nsf/Breeds/Drever
- Per Killingmo, Norway (dog owner) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons
FCI-Standard N° 130 / 26. 07. 2006 / GB
TRANSLATION : Renée Sporre-Willes.
ORIGIN : Sweden.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 21.02.2006.
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION :
- Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds.
- Section 1.3 Small-sized Hounds.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
The small-sized German hound, the Westphalian Dachsbracke, was imported to Sweden in 1910. The first dogs were registered in 1913 but little is known about the breed before 1930. It was from then on it gained reputation as a very good tracker of deer. Deer had been sparse until then, but as they grew stronger in numbers and spread further north, hunters got to hear about the advantages of the short-legged deer tracking hound. In 1947, the larger (2 cm higher at the withers) Swedish variety of the Bracke was given the name Drever. In 1953 the Drever was recognized as a Swedish breed. The Drever is considered the first choice for deer-hunting but it is also a very reliable hound for hunting both hare and fox. In all essentials the Drever should be built as a track hound. It should have the ability to work efficiently in the Swedish terrain and climate. The breed is strictly kept as a hunting dog and hardly ever heard of as « just » a companion dog.
GENERAL APPEARANCE :
Rather long in body and fairly short on legs. Appearance should be robust and strong rather than elegant and speedy. Proud carriage, well developed muscles and agile appearance. Differences in build between male and female clearly defined.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
The distance between ground and sternum should be 40% of the height at the withers. The muzzle should equal the skull in length.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT :
Keen and even-tempered hound. Never aggressive, nervous or shy.
Rather large in proportion to body. Longish and tapering towards the nose. The muzzle should equal the skull in length.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Only slightly arched.
Stop : Slight.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black, with well developed, wide open nostrils.
Muzzle : Viewed from above or the side muzzle well developed, never snippy. Bridge of nose straight or very slightly convex.
Lips : Tight, closely fitting. They perfectly cover the teeth. Corner of the mouth not visible.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite. Level bite permissible.
Eyes : Bright and full of expression, neither protruding nor staring. Dark brown. Eye rims closely fitting.
Ears : Set fairly low, medium long and broad, hanging without folds close to the cheeks. Rounded tips.
Proportionally long and powerful, merging well into shoulders; skin supple and tight-fitting.
Topline : Level.
Withers : Well defined in males.
Back : Powerful and muscular.
Loin : Strong and comparatively short. Slightly arched viewed from the side.
Croup : Slightly inclined, long and broad.
Chest : Well developed, oval and clearly reaching below elbows. Ribs well developed to the rear. Well defined presternum.
Underline and belly : Line of sternum evenly joining the slightly tucked up belly.
Long and thick at base. Preferably hanging down but may be carried higher but never over the back.
General appearance : Straight legs viewed from front and with strong bone.
Shoulder : Shoulders long, broad and muscular with well-developed withers. Closely fitting. Viewed from the side set at an angle of 50° to the horizontal line.
Upper arm : Proportionally long and broad. Closely fitting but yet very mobile. Set at an angle of 100° to shoulder blade.
Elbow: Turning neither in nor out.
Pastern (Metacarpus) : Springy with a slight angle to forearm, viewed from the side.
Forefeet : Firm, with well knit toes and well-developed pads. Feet turning neither in nor out.
General appearance : Parallel when viewed from behind.
Thigh : Broad with well-developed muscles.
Stifle : Well angulated.
Hock joint : Broad, strong and well angulated.
Metatarsus : Short and standing almost vertical.
Hind feet : See front feet.
GAIT / MOVEMENT :
Movement should be even, parallel and long reaching. Backline to remain level.
Harsh, straight and lying close to body. On head, ears and lower part of legs coat should be shorter. On neck, back and backside of thighs coat should be longer. On underside of tail bushy but not forming a fringe.
All colors with white markings are permissible. Not accepted is all white or liver brown.
Colors should be very well defined. White markings should be visible from all angles and shall preferably be in form of a blaze, a full necklace, on legs, feet and tip of tail. Symmetrical markings preferred.
Height at withers :
Ideal size 35 cm for males with a permitted variation of 32-38 cm.
Ideal size 33 cm for bitches with a permitted variation of 30-36 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Flesh-colored nose.
- Light eyes.
- Incomplete number of incisors.
- White markings other than those mentioned in the standard.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
- Too low on legs.
- Narrow lower jaw.
- Sway back. Roach back.
- Bandy front legs.
- Feet turning in or out.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- One or both eyes blue.
- Pronounced over-or undershot bite.
- Faulty position of one or both canines of the lower jaw which, when the mouth is shut, can damage the upper gums or the palate.
- Kinked or otherwise deformed tail.
- Liver brown color, all white coat.
- Under-or over-sized.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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