Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound
Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound – General Description
The Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound (Croatian: istarski oštrodlaki gonič, Slovene: istrski ostrodlaki gonič) is a dog breed from Croatia, developed in the mid-19th century for hunting fox and rabbit. It is a rough-coated scent hound still kept primarily as a hunting dog rather than as a pet.
Classification and Standards
- FCI Group 6, Section 1.2, #152
- UKC Scenthound Group
Character & Temperament
The Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound has been bred primarily for hunting rather than as a companion, it tends to be willful and hence more challenging to train than many other breeds.
Croatian and Slovene breeders created the Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound in the mid-19th century by crossing the French Griffon Vendeén with the Istrian Shorthaired Hound, a smooth-haired hound developed from both sight hounds and scent hounds. The breed first took part in a conformation show in Vienna in 1866.
The dog is still used for hunting fox, rabbits, hare, and wild boar.
Size & Appearance
Dogs of this breed can vary considerably in size, as the dog is still bred primarily for hunting, so more emphasis might be placed on performance than on specific appearance requirements. It can range from 25 to 56 lb (16 to 26 kg) and stand 17 to 23 inches (44 to 58 cm) at the withers.
The breed’s wiry coat is weather resistant for hunting. The topcoat is 2 to 3 inches (5 to 8 cm) long and it has a woolly undercoat. The color is white with yellow or orange markings, usually on the ears. The ears are broad and hang flat with a long upstanding curved inwards tail.
Health & Maintenance
No unusual health problems or claims of extraordinary health have been documented for this breed.
- Fogle, Bruce D.V.M; The New Encyclopedia of the Dog, Dorling Kindersley Books, 2000. ISBN 0-7894-6130-7
- Cunliffe, Juliette; The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds, Parragon Publishing, 2004. ISBN 0-7525-8276-3
- Linda and Mark Pellegrini (1995) (own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound (Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonič)
FCI-Standard N° 152 / 10/04/2002 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown.
ORIGIN : Croatia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.10.2000.
A scent hound par excellence, particularly fitted for hare and fox hunting. It can also be used as a leash hound. Its constitution is ideally suited to the vast open terrain in Istria.
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION :
- Group 6 Scent hounds and related breeds.
- Section 1.2 Medium sized scent hounds.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
Its history runs parallel to that of the short-haired Istrian Hound, but pictorial representations and written descriptions are rare, since dogs with tousled hair were less appreciated by artists on account of their untidy outline. However, the wire-haired Istrian hound was described extensively by B.Laska in 1896 and in 1905 : these dogs were sold in the Istrian regions of Buzet and Pazin under the name of “barbini”. The breed almost disappeared during the first world war. From 1924 on, these dogs were registered in the Croatian stud-book. FCI recognized the breed in 1948 and the first standard was published in 1969.
GENERAL APPEARANCE :
The coat color is snow white with lemon-orange markings. The hair is long and bristly. Oblong head with bushy eyebrows. Strong body, solid bone. Powerful tail, somewhat sabre-like. Dog’s expression is stern, gloomy and sometimes even sombre. Sonorous tongue of medium to deep tone.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Body length should be no more than 10% greater than height at withers.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT :
Gentle, docile, calm and very attached to its owner. Although of fairly even temperament, it is nevertheless a very enthusiastic hunter.
The head is well-proportioned in relation to the body. Its length is 20-24 cm; it must not be too light, lips and eyerims should be darkly pigmented.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Slightly rounded. Occipital protuberance clearly visible as is the frontal furrow which is often covered by a lock of long supple hair. The frontal bone is quite broad. Skull narrows towards the eyes.
Stop : Not very pronounced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Broad with well-developed nostrils, black or dark pigmentation.
Muzzle : Strong, rectangular, broad bridge of the nose covered with shaggy moustache. Seen from the front, the lower jaw gives the muzzle a certain roundness.
Lips : Close-fitting, not too thick.
Teeth : Strong, scissor bite : complete dentition.
Eyes : Dark iris pigmentation; the eyes are large but not bulging. The expression is serious. Given that their hair is coarse and longer, the eyebrows are bushy and thick.
Ears : Not very thick, covered with shorter hair. Set on not far from the eyes but not high, near the topline of the skull. The ears widen towards their middle and are carried close to the cheeks. They are reasonably long, thinner and rounded at the tips. When
drawn forward they are considered very long if they reach to the tip of the nose, and long if they reach the canine teeth. They should be at least semi-long reaching to the superciliary arches.
Seen in profile the junction of the head and neck is visible at the back of the occipital protuberance. Length is 12-15 cm. The skin is taut, without dewlap.
General impression : The topline slopes gently towards the croup.
Withers : Only slightly pronounced.
Back : Level and broad. Length is proportion to height at withers.
Loin : Short, muscled and rounded.
Croup : Broad, especially in females. Slightly sloping, rounded, hips clearly visible.
Chest : Broad and deep, let down at least to the elbow. Usually circumference is about 12-15 cm more than height at withers. Well-sprung ribs. Point of sternum scarcely visible, rounded forechest.
Belly and flank : The underline rises progressively from the xiphoid process to the groin. Belly slightly tucked up, flanks not very pronounced, should not be whippety.
Not set on too high, stronger at root and tapering towards tip, carried low with slight upward curve, reaching hock or just below.
Shoulders : Shoulder-blades sloping, long, muscled and well-attached to the thorax. Angle of scapulo-humeral joint is about 90 degrees.
Elbows : Not turning in.
Forearm : Upright and well-muscled.
Carpus (Carpal joint) : Scarely visible.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Short, almost upright, but with a slight slope forming angle of 10 degrees with the vertical.
Front feet : Cat feet but narrow, with tight toes; pads well-developed and resistant; strong nails.
Thigh : Short, broad and muscled.
Lower thigh : Longer than thigh, sloping and well-muscled.
Hock : Strong and broad.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Short and upright, dewclaws, if any, should be removed.
Hind feet : Similar to front feet, often a little longer.
GAIT / MOVEMENT :
Very smooth at walk; lively gait.
Elastic and taut over whole body, without wrinkle. Pinkish in colour.
The outer coat, also called top coat, is harsh, about 5-10 cm long, dull, bristly, never curly or wavy. Beneath this coarse coat, especially in winter, one can find a thick short undercoat. The outer coat does not lie close to the skin but is bristly : it should not tangle or form felted locks. Length and thickness of coat will vary according to position on body.
Snow white is the ground color. Ears are always orangey. On the forehead there is often a similarly colored star-shaped mark. The ears can also be orange speckled, which is an indication of pure-breeding. Orange spots more or less widespread or flecks of the same color can be present over the whole body but most usually at the root of the tail. These marks must not be numerous nor spread out in such a way as to overwhelm the snow white ground color. These spots should be bright in color, not pale nor dark nor brown, any of which would indicate cross-breeding. A third color, even if only a few hairs, is unacceptable.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers : 46-58 cm.
Ideal height for males : 52 cm.
for females : 50 cm.
Weight : The weight of an adult dog fed normally is 16-24 kg. An ideal average weight would be about 20 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Seen from the front, square mandible.
- Drooping loose lips.
- Third eyelids visible (nictitating membrane).
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Aggresive or overly shy.
- Disproportion between height at withers and length of body.
- Nose too pink, lacking in pigmentation.
- Muzzle too blunt, too pointed or even upturned.
- Incorrect bites, obvious prognathism.
- Pink eyelids.
- China eye.
- Ears too short or carried too far away from the head, set too high or too low, with hair covering excessively long, silky, wavy, curly or even felted.
- Tail crooked or too short (docked).
- Elbows too slack.
- Forearm bowed.
- Metacarpus sloping too much.
- Any color other than lemon-orange; never greyish spots and especially never blackish ones.
- Size above or below the limits indicated in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
TagsAfghanistan Africa America Ancient Egypt Ancient Greece Assistance Dogs Austria Bark Behavior Belgium Biology Bosnia Breed Type Canary Islands Catahoula Companion Dog Coonhound Croatia Cur Dog Sport Dog Types Egypt England English-French Evolution Finland Foxhound France Germany Greece Guard Dogs Hairless Health History Hounds Hungary Iberia Imperial China Ireland Israel Italy Lap Dog Malta Montenegro North Africa Norway Nutrition Palestine Pariah Persia Peru Poland Portugal Primitive Rabies Ridgeback Roman Russia Scenthound Scotland Serbia Sicily Sighthound Slovakia Spain Spitz Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand The Domestic Dog Training Transylvania Wales Working Dogs