Serbian Tricolor Hound – General Description
The Serbian Tricolor Hound (srpski trobojni gonič or trobojac) is a breed of dog of the hound type. Formerly called the Yugoslavian Tricolor Hound, the name was changed for clarity after the break up of Yugoslavia in 1991. The Serbian Tricolor Hound is a medium-large scenthound that is hunted as a running hound (free running to seek game on its own, not on a leash.) It is used on feral pigs or wild boar and other large game as well as hare and fox.
Classification and Standards
- FCI Group 6, Section 1, #229
- UKC Scenthound Group
Character & Temperament
The Serbian Tricolor Hound is a devoted breed that loves its master without question and will loyally stand by him for all his life. It is a kindly breed but also a tenacious hunter that performs very well in the field and has been a very successful hunting companion for many years.
The Serbian Tricolor Hound is one of a group of scenthounds that has existed in the Balkans for a long time. For many years, the breed was regarded as simply a variety of other Serbian scenthounds, but in 1946 this was strongly refuted and the breed was granted independent status from other scenthounds and a standard was drawn up. The breed was first exhibited at shows in 1950. At one time it was considered a variation of the Serbian Hound, but was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as a separate breed in 1961.
Today, the Serbian Tricolor Hound is still popular in its native country of Serbia, although it is hardly seen beyond its borders.
Size & Appearance
Males stand between 18 to 22 inches (45 to 55 cm) and females 17½–21½ inches (44–54 cm) at the withers. They weigh 44 to 55 lbs (20 to 25 kg).
A medium-sized dog with a slightly rounded skull and a muzzle which is shorter than the skull. The nose is well developed and black. The almond-shaped eyes are medium-sized and preferable as dark as possible. The ears are set high and medium in length, carried in a pendulous style, hanging close to the cheeks. The neck is strong and slightly arched. The rectangular body has a straight top line and well-muscled, strong back. The forequarters are strong, straight, well muscled and parallel with muscular and solid shoulders. The hindquarters are strong, straight and parallel with strong and powerful thighs.
Health & Maintenance
No unusual health problems or claims of extraordinary health have been documented for this breed.
- Serbian Hound (Revised July 1, 2009) at the United Kennel Club site – http://www.ukcdogs.com/WebSite.nsf/Breeds/SerbianHoundRevisedJuly12009
- Brief Documentary on Serbian Hound – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P4AygnkL38o&feature=related
- Author releases image by license [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
- Android90 [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons
Serbian Tricolor Hound (Srpski Gonič)
FCI-Standard N° 150 / 05. 05. 2003 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown.
ORIGIN : Serbia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.03.2003.
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION :
- Group 6 Scent hounds and related breeds.
- Section 1.2 Medium sized scenhounds
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
The breed belongs to the group of scent hounds which have spread throughout the Balkan territory. It is thought that the scent hounds from Asia Minor played an important part in its genesis. The first description of this breed under the name of Balkan scent hound dates from 1005 ; for this we are endebted to Frank Laska who described this breed together with other scent hounds. The first standard was drawn up in 1924 , but it was only at its session in Bled on May 14th 1940 that the F.C.I. adopted the standards already announced in Stockholm in 1939 and among these was included that of the Balkan scent hound. Because the breed was most widespread in Serbia, it was the Yugoslav Cynological Association which controlled breeding and put in place the first registrations in the official stud book. On November 12th 1996,during its meeting in Copenhagen, the General Committee of the F .C.I. discussed the motion put forward by the annual general meeting of the Yugoslav Cynological Association, and accepted that the name Balkan scent hound be replaced by Serbian hound.
GENERAL APPEARANCE :
Dog of medium size with a robust constitution. Full of character, it is lively and energetic.
- Length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock is 10% greater than height at withers.
- Girth of chest is 20% more than height at withers. Length of head corresponds to 45% of height at withers.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT :
Kind, with lively temperament. Dependable, showing remarkable tenacity.
Dolichocephalic ( narrow skull base coupled with great length ) ; top lines of skull and foreface are divergent.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Seen from the front and in profile, the skull is slightly rounded with a pronounced frontal furrow. Occipital crest not very defined. Width between ears is less than or equal to distance between stop and occipital crest. Pronounced superciliary ridges.
Stop : Almost imperceptible.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Well-developed, always black.
Muzzle : Cuneiform, a little shorter than the skull ; ideal relation between length of muzzle and that of skull is 9 to 10. The muzzle tapers progressively from stop to nose. The foreface is straight.
Lips: Mediumly developed, mediumly thick and fitting well with the jaw. The edges of the lips should be black. The upper lip overlaps the lower lip ; corners of lips are firm.
Jaws / teeth : Powerful jaws. Teeth are strong with regular complete scissor bite. Pincer bite allowed.
Eyes : Medium size, oval, set slightly slanting. Edges of lids are dark in color ( preferably black ). Color of iris as dark as possible.
Ears : Set high, of medium length and width, pendulous, close to cheeks. The tip of the ear is slightly oval in shape. Ears are thinner than thick.
Strong. In length approximately the same as the head. Top line is slightly arched. It is at an angle of 45-50 degrees to the horizontal plane.
Slightly oblong, with length 10% more than height at withers.
Topline : Straight.
Withers : Slightly pronounced.
Back : Well-muscled. straight,powerful. long.
Loins : Well-muscled. length about the same as the croup.
Croup : Slightly sloping ( 20-25 degrees in relation to horizontal ). Powerful, well-muscled broad.
Chest : Strong; height 50% of height at withers and girth 20% greater than height at withers.
Underline and belly : The oval point of the sternum stands slightly proud. Belly has slight tuk up.
Extends line of croup. At the base it is strong and tapers progressively towards tip which reaches level of hock. Slightly curved up, it is carried below line of back. Covered in abundant hair.
Overview : Powerful, well-muscled , parallel.
Scapula (shoulder blade) : Length corresponds approximately to that of upper arm. Muscled, solid and well-attached to the thoracic wall. Forms an angle of 45-50 degrees to horizontal.
Upper arm : Powerful, muscled, approximately same length as scapula.
Elbow : Solid, close to body .Distance from elbow to ground is 50 % of height at withers.
Forearm : Flat, powerful, muscled.
Carpus : Solid.
Metacarpus (Pasterns) : Powerful, slightly sloping ( up to 15 % from vertical ).
Front foot : Cat foot, with solid tight toes. Nails are strong and black in colour.
Overview : Strong flat, well-muscled and parallel.
Thighs : Well-muscled, flat.
Stifle : Solid, parallel with median line of body. Angle of stifle around 120 degrees.
Lower thigh : Well-muscled, length approximately that of thigh.
Hock: Powerful, well let down. Angle of 135-140 degrees.
Metatarsus ( rear pasterns) : Strong, almost vertical.
Hind foot : A little longer than the front foot, with solid tight toes. Nails strong and black. Pads are resilient and adequately elastic.
GAIT / MOVEMENT :
At the walk good front extension. Preferred gait, free energetic trot. Umbs move on parallel axis to median plane of the body.
Elastic and well-pigmented , taut over body .
Short, abundant, gleaning, quite thick and lying well over all the body with undercoat. Hair slightly longer on back of thighs and underside of tail.
Red ( fox colored ) going from yellowy red to a rust tone with black mantle or saddle. The mantle or saddle go as far as the head which shows black marks on either side of the temples; on the chest a round white mark no larger than 2 cm in diameter is allowed.
Height at withers :
Males: 46 -56 cm, ideal height between 51 and 52 cm.
Females : 44 -54 cm, ideal height between 48 and 49 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Missing tooth, although the absence of two premolars ( 2PM 1 ) is tolerated.
- Over or under shot.
- China eye.
- Body too long.
- Tail curled, carried high or curving over back tip of tail hooked or crooked.
- White mark on chest larger than permitted size or presence of white mark anywhere else.
- Height at withers greater or lesser than that laid down in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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