Treeing Cur – General Description
The Treeing Cur is one of the cur dog breeds that originated in the Southern U.S.A. It is used to tree raccoons and opossums.
Classification and Standards
- UKC Scenthound Group
Character & Temperament
Like most hounds, they are even-tempered and difficult to annoy or drive into aggression towards people or other dogs. They are, however, energetic, and have a tendency to stand up on their hind legs to pursue their curiosity about a young child or small dog that is picked up by a person, which can be alarming to people that are fearful of dogs.
Historically, the words cur and feist were used in England to refer to small hunting dogs, where “feists” were the smaller dogs and “curs” were 30 lbs or larger. The Elizabethans may have used the word “cur” to denote “terrier”.
Size & Appearance
Male over 30 lbs
Female over 30 lbs
Treeing curs are small or medium sized dogs known for their speed and agility in rough terrain. The body should be slightly longer than the tail, however the tail is frequently naturally bobbed or artificially docked. The ears should be natural and floppy, not erect. The dog should have long legs and a smooth gait. The coat should be dense and close, and all colors except albinos are acceptable. The dog is built for stamina and should look like a working dog – in the United Kennel Club standard, scars are not penalized, nor used as a mark of a dog’s working ability.
Health & Maintenance
The average lifespan of the Treeing Cur is 8-12 years.
- “United Kennel Club – Treeing Cur”. United Kennel Club. – http://www.ukcdogs.com/Web.nsf/Breeds/TreeingCur04012003
- Author releases image into the public domain.
The Cur breeds were developed in remote and rural parts of the United States. Cur breeders had little interest in standardizing the looks of their dogs—they were only interested in performance. Most Cur breeders were not well off and so they required a dog that could serve multiple purposes: hunter, guardian, and stock dog. The result was the Treeing Cur, which is the most varied in size and colors of the Cur breeds. The Treeing Cur is primarily used to hunt squirrel, raccoon, and all types of big game.
The Treeing Cur was recognized by U.K.C. on November 1, 1998.
The Treeing Cur is a powerful, agile tree dog of small to medium size. The body is just slightly longer than tall. Legs are long enough to allow the dog to move quickly and with agility in rough terrain. The head is broad with a moderate stop, and a muzzle slightly shorter than the length of skull. Ears are drop and the tail is straight, set low, and of any length, including a natural bob. The coat is dense but close fitting. The Treeing Cur should be evaluated as a working dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work. Scars should neither be penalized nor regarded as proof of a dog’s working abilities.
The Treeing Cur is a fast, hard hunter that finds game using its eyes, ears and nose. They may be open, semi-open, or silent on track with a good change at the tree. Treeing Curs are alert and easily trained. In addition to being outstanding tree dogs, they are also good watchdogs and excellent family companions.
The head is broad but proportionate to the size of the body. When viewed from the side, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull and joined by a definite stop. The planes of the skull and muzzle are parallel.
SKULL – The skull is flat and broad, tapering slightly toward the muzzle. Cheeks are muscular and prominent.
MUZZLE – The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, moderately broad with a well-defined underjaw. Lips are tight with no flews, and are darkly pigmented.
TEETH – The Treeing Cur has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.
NOSE – Nose is square with well-opened nostrils. Pigment can black or pink in color.
EYES – Eyes are medium to large in size, set wide apart with inner and outer corners on the same horizontal line. Brown eye color is preferred but yellow, green, or blue is acceptable. Eye rims are tight and black.
EARS – Drop ears, of short to medium length, wide at the base, and set high
The neck is slightly arched, strong, very well muscled, and of moderate length. The neck gradually widens from the nape and blends smoothly into the shoulders.
Shoulders are well laid back. The upper arm is long and wide, and forms an apparent 90-degree angle with the shoulder blade.
FORELEGS – The forelegs are well muscled with strong bone. The elbows are set close to the body, but able to move freely in action. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible.
A properly proportioned Treeing Cur is just slightly longer than tall. Back is broad, strong, of moderate length, and level, blending into a muscular, slightly arched loin with slight to moderate tuck up. The ribs extend well back and are well sprung out from the spine, then curving down and inward to form a deep body. The brisket extends to the elbow. Viewed from the front, the chest between the forelegs is muscular and well filled. This is a dog bred for stamina and faults should be penalized to the degree that they detract from that goal
The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The bone, angulation, and musculature of the hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters.
HIND LEGS – The stifles are well bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground, and viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.
The Treeing Cur has a cat foot, of moderate size, compact and well arched. Pads are large, tough, and well cushioned.
The tail is set low and either naturally bobbed or of any length.
The outer coat is short to medium in length, and may be smooth or rough in texture. Undercoat is short, dense, and soft.
Any color, color pattern or combination of colors is acceptable.
Height and Weight
Height ranges between 18 to 24 inches. Weight is 30 to 60 pounds, proportionate to height. Treeing Curs are working dogs and should be presented in hard, muscular condition.
Treeing Cur gait is smooth and effortless, with good reach of forequarters. Rear quarters have strong driving power, with hocks fully extending. Viewed from any position, legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. As speed increases, feet tend to converge toward center line of balance.
- Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
- Viciousness or extreme shyness.
- Erect ears.
- Overshot bite.
- Undershot bite.
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