Article: Dog Sports » Flyball
Flyball is a dog sport in which teams of dogs race against each other from a start/finish line, over a line of hurdles, to a box that releases a tennis ball to be caught when the dog presses the spring loaded pad, then back to their handlers while carrying the ball.
Flyball is run in teams of four dogs, as a relay. The course consists of four hurdles placed 10 feet (3 m) apart from each other, with the starting line six feet (1.8 m) from the first hurdle, and the flyball box 15 feet (4.5 m) after the last one, making for a 51-foot (15.5 m) length. The hurdle height is determined by the shoulder height of the smallest dog in the team. Under current North American Flyball Association (NAFA) rules this should be 5 inches (12.7 cm) below the withers height of the smallest dog, to a height of no less than 7 inches (20.3 cm) and no greater than 14 inches (40.6 cm). Each dog must return its ball all the way across the start line before the next dog crosses. Ideal running is nose-to-nose at the start line. The first team to have all four dogs cross the finish line error free wins the heat. Penalties are applied to teams if the ball is dropped or if the next relay dog is released early.
Flyball started as a dog sport in the late 1960s and early 1970s, in Southern California. Some dog trainers combined scent hurdle racing with the dogs bringing back a tennis ball to the finish line. Then a tennis ball-launching apparatus was added and the first flyball box was born. Herbert Wagner is credited with making the first real flyball box, and he also demonstrated flyball on the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson.
The first Flyball tournament was held in 1983 in the USA.
Flyball has now expanded into many countries including Australia, Canada and South Africa, and in Europe countries such as Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom have National flyball tournaments and also hold joint annual European championships.
The European championships were held in the United Kingdom in 2007 the Czech Republic in 2008, Belgium in 2009 and 2010 and Germany in 2011.
Nature of the Sport
Flyball provides an entertaining and active way to interact with one’s dog and other dog enthusiasts in an environment that is fun while allowing the dogs exercise and enjoyment. It is an especially effective way to burn off the energy of dogs with a high drive to work, such as Border Collies and Terriers.
A large part of flyball’s popularity stems from the fact that it is one of the competition activities available to mixed-breed dogs, allowing rescued mutts and non-pedigree dogs to shine alongside their purebred canine counterparts. Though herding dogs currently dominate the courses, many champion teams have mutts on them. Dogs earn titles and awards based on points earned by their team in racing.
Flyball is not limited to the size of the breed, as smaller dogs such as Jack Russell Terriers and Whippets, even miniature poodles, often compete with great success in mixed-breed teams (teams consisting of dogs of various sizes and breeds). Smaller dogs are often prized as the hurdle height is based on the height of the smallest dog in the team, commonly known as a height dog. Their only limitation is whether they can trigger the release pad, and small dogs often have to fully jump on it to do so.
Flyball is one of the non-hunting dog sports in which dogs and people work as a team. Many casual pet owners use their flyball time more as a way to relax and socialize with other dog owners than as a competition, and many champion flyball dogs are essentially pet dogs with a hobby, rather than dedicated sporting or working dogs.
Competitions are usually hosted by a specific local flyball club but under the sanction of a national governing body. The host club may be devoted solely to flyball or to many other types of dog sports. The host flyball club uses Head judges who are licensed by the national sanctioning organization and the club will apply to the national sanctioning organization for permission to hold a competition on a specific date or weekend; most competitions are two-day weekend events.
Although competitions may vary, teams are normally seeded into divisions against other teams of similar speed. This allows the races to be closer and much more exciting. Each team in the division will usually race against all the other teams in a round robin format. The overall winner is the team with the most wins.
In competitions all teams will also be trying to improve their own individual team’s best race time. Teams that underestimate their speed may “break out” of their division in competition. The break-out time for a division is typically set at 1 second faster than the top seeded team in each division. The break-out rule is intended to encourage teams to seed themselves accurately, as any heats where a team breaks out do not count and are recorded as losses.
The largest single regularly held flyball competition is the North American Flyball Championships. In the 2009 Championships there were about 300 teams competing held over a 3 day event.
The current World Record is 14.860 seconds and is held by Touch N Go of Las Vegas, NV. Touch N Go posted the 14.860 on March 26, 2011 in Hurricane, Utah. They broke their own previous world record of 14.864 set on April 25, 2010 at a sanctioned U-FLI event. Touch N Go is the first and only team to have ever broken into the 14-second barrier in any sanctioned flyball competition or league/association in the world. Touch N Go has put up several 14-second runs on the clock since achieving its first one on May 16, 2009.
- The current BFA record is 16.37 seconds and is held by Wires A-Live. It was set at Tai Lawr Anglesey on 31st July 2011.
- The current U-FLI record is 14.860 and is held by Touch N Go.
- The current NAFA record is 15.217 seconds (under review), and is held by Spring Loaded. It was set on November 20, 2010 in Davisburg, MI.
- USA and Canada: The first flyball organization, the North American Flyball Association (NAFA) was created to design uniform competition rules and to promote the sport.
- USA and Canada: North American Flyball Association (NAFA) and United Flyball League International (U-FLI)
- Canada: The main flyball organization is the North American Flyball Association (NAFA).
- Britain: The main flyball organization is the British Flyball Association (BFA) with another popular organization hosting training seminars and promoting dog welfare, Flyball Fever Federation (FFF).
- Australia: the main flyball organization is the Australian Flyball Association (AFA).
TagsAfghanistan Africa America Ancient Egypt Ancient Greece Assistance Dogs Austria Bark Behavior Belgium Biology Bosnia Breed Type Canary Islands Catahoula Companion Dog Coonhound Croatia Cur Dog Sport Dog Types Egypt England English-French Evolution Finland Foxhound France Germany Greece Guard Dogs Hairless Health History Hounds Hungary Iberia Imperial China Ireland Israel Italy Lap Dog Malta Montenegro North Africa Norway Nutrition Palestine Pariah Persia Peru Poland Portugal Primitive Rabies Ridgeback Roman Russia Scenthound Scotland Serbia Sicily Sighthound Slovakia Spain Spitz Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand The Domestic Dog Training Transylvania Wales Working Dogs